3-Deazathiamin diphosphate (deazaTPP) and a second thiamin diphosphate (TPP) analogue having a benzene ring in place of the thiazolium ring have been synthesised. These compounds are both extremely potent inhibitors of pyruvate decarboxylase from Zymomonas mobilis; binding is competitive with TPP and is essentially irreversible even though no covalent linkage is formed. DeazaTPP binds approximately seven-fold faster than TPP and at least 25,000-fold more tightly (Ki less than 14 pM). DeazaTPP is also a potent inhibitor of the E1 subunit of 2-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase from E. coli and binds more than 70-fold faster than TPP. In this case slow reversal of the inhibition could be observed and a Ki value of about 5 nM was calculated (ca. 500-fold tighter binding than TPP).
Department of Chemistry
University of Cambridge